joshua 5 commentary

4. 8. when they had done circumcising all the people--As the number of those born in the wilderness and uncircumcised must have been immense, a difficulty is apt to be felt how the rite could have been performed on such a multitude in so short a time. that their heart melted--They had probably reckoned on the swollen river interposing for a time a sure barrier of defense. The language, however, evidently points to a general circumcising on some previous occasion, which, though unrecorded, must have been made before the celebration of the passover at Sinai (compare Exodus 12:48 , Numbers 9:5 ), as a mixed multitude accompanied the camp. I have given Jericho into your hand, its king, and the mighty men of valor. ADAM CLARKE Commentary on Joshua. "And Joshua made him sharp knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins." Flints have been used in the early times of all people; and although the use of iron was known to the Hebrews in the days of Joshua, probably the want of a sufficient number of metallic implements dictated the employment of flints on this occasion (compare Exodus 4:25 ). And of course, that’s precisely the issue here. ., and did worship--The adoption by Joshua of this absolute form of prostration demonstrates the sentiments of profound reverence with which the language and majestic bearing of the stranger inspired him. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. But it has been calculated that the proportion between those already circumcised (under twenty when the doom was pronounced) and those to be circumcised, was one to four, and consequently the whole ceremony could easily have been performed in a day. That there be a distinguishing mark upon them. Benson Commentary Joshua 5:1. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. How dreadful is their case, who see the wrath of God advancing towards them, without being able to turn it aside, or escape it! March 14, 2010. And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted his eyes and looked, and behold, a Man stood opposite him with His sword drawn in His hand. 4. Proud member The real character of this personage was disclosed by His accepting the homage of worship (compare Acts 10:25 Acts 10:26 , Revelation 19:10 ), and still further in the command, "Loose thy shoe from off thy foot" ( Exodus 3:5 ). God mark them through an act called circumcision. But the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets. (Jos 5:13-15) Joshua meets with the Commander of the army of the LORD. At that time--on the encampment being made after the passage. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. (1-5) The city is compassed. First Reading. 2. In fact, the conquest had already begun in the total prostration of spirit among the native chiefs. Joshua 5:1 Before relating the events that took place at their new encampment, the narrative discusses the effect of the crossing on the people of Canaan. Joshua 5 Commentary by Hank Workman. they abode in their places . When the Hebrews crossed the Jordan to occupy the Promised Land. And Joshua made for himself sharp knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the … of "Their heart melted," but unhappily not into faith and penitent submission. Verses 2-5 "At that time, Jehovah said unto Joshua, Make thee knives of flint, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time. For many, however, especially to those trained in military tactics, this chapter may seem like an enigma, at least from man’s point of view. The people of the land are filled with fear – Here we see another effect of God’s miracle in parting … Now Jericho was securely shut up because of the children of Israel; none went out, and none came in. (4) Now this is why he did so: All those who came out of Egypt--all the men of military age--died in the desert on the way after leaving Egypt. 3. at the hill--probably one of the argillaceous hills that form the highest terrace of the Jordan, on a rising ground at the palm forest. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. God said to Joshua, \"Make flint knives and circumcise the Israelite men again\" (Josh. Joshua 5 commentary 1. How dreadful is their case, who see the wrath of God advancing towards … This Man was the Son of God, the eternal Word. 11, 12. Salem Media Group. There appeared to him one as a man to be noticed. Commentary on Joshua 5:9-12. On the side of Jordan westward — This is added to distinguish them from the other Amorites, eastward from Jordan, whom Moses had subdued. Commentary on Luke 15:1-3, 11b-32. 13. when Joshua was by Jericho--in the immediate vicinity of that city, probably engaged in surveying the fortifications, and in meditating the best plan of a siege. I will go ahead and say now that all of Dale … (17-27) Commentary on Joshua 6:1-5 (Read Joshua 6:1-5) Jericho resolves Israel shall not be its master. Clarke (1760-1832) was Methodist, Wesleyan, Arminian, (e.g., Clarke "suggested that although God can know all future events, He chooses not to know some events beforehand" Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, page 808).He did not always interpret Scripture literally and so was amillennial (to quote Clarke on 1000 years - "I am satisfied that this period should … It shal… And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark. 5:2). 4-7. this is the cause why Joshua did circumcise--The omission to circumcise the children born in the wilderness might have been owing to the incessant movements of the people; but it is most generally thought that the true cause was a temporary suspension of the covenant with the unbelieving race who, being rejected of the Lord, were doomed to perish in the wilderness, and whose children had to bear the iniquity of their fathers ( Numbers 14:33 ), though, as the latter were to be brought into the promised land, the covenant would be renewed with them. JOSHUA 5 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE 1 ow when all the Amorite kings west of the Jordan and all the Canaanite kings along the coast heard how the Lord had dried up the Jordan before the Israelites until they[a] had crossed over, their hearts melted in fear and they no longer had the courage to face the Israelites. And they did eat of the old corn of the land--found in storehouses of the inhabitants who had fled into Jericho. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. . That they be different. Joshua fell on his face . As we said in an earlier lesson, one reason that God miraculously provided a path for the people through the river was … Joshua 5:13-15. This abundance of food led to the discontinuance of the manna; and the fact of its then ceasing, viewed in connection with its seasonable appearance in the barren wilderness, is a striking proof of its miraculous origin. But seeing it had been completely dried up, they were completely paralyzed by so incontestable a proof that God was on the side of the invaders. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Click a verse to see commentary Select a resource above The New Generation Circumcised. Joshua chapter 5 describes the consecration of the people of Israel in preparation for the great task that lay before them. Preaching much-beloved parables is both a blessing and an immense challenge. Dale Ralph Davis — Joshua (Focus on the Bible, 2000). 14. the host of the Lord--either the Israelitish people ( Exodus 7:4 , 12:41 , Isaiah 55:4 ), or the angels ( Psalms 148:2 ), or both included, and the Captain of it was the angel of the covenant, whose visible manifestations were varied according to the occasion. v1 Early in the morning, Joshua and all the *Israelites left the city of Shittim. Biblical Commentary Joshua 5:9-12 COMMENTARY: THE CONTEXT: This book begins with the death of Moses (1:1). The Israelite’s spent 40 years in the desert because they were terrified of the Canaanites. 1. Chapter 1 reports Yahweh’s commissioning of Joshua, and Joshua 2 tells of Joshua’s sending spies to Jericho and their meeting with Rahab the prostitute. David Guzik commentary on Joshua 5, where God commands Joshua to circumcise the Israelites, and the Passover is celebrated. till they were whole--It is calculated that, of those who did not need to be circumcised, more than fifty thousand were left to defend the camp if an attack had been then made upon it. They have now got footing in Canaan, and must apply themselves to the conquest of … His attitude of equipment betokened his approval of, and interest in, the war of invasion. All rights reserved. The captain of the Lord's host himself appeared to Joshua to animate and direct him, Joshua 5… This you shall do six days. there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn--It is evident from the strain of the context that this was not a mere vision, but an actual appearance; the suddenness of which surprised, but did not daunt, the intrepid leader. . It was the first place pronounced "holy" in the Holy Land ( Joshua 5:15 ). . Gospel. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Gilgal--No trace either of the name or site is now to be found; but it was about two miles from Jericho [JOSEPHUS], and well suited for an encampment by the advantages of shade and water. We mark key transitions with rituals — a wedding, a funeral, a graduation, the birth of a child. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 2. . The Canaanites are afraid, Circumcision renewed. Joshua 5:1-12 really describes two covenant acts: The circumcision of the people of God (Joshua 1-9) The observance of the first Passover since they left Egypt (Joshua 10-12) SPECIAL TOPIC: CIRCUMCISION SPECIAL TOPIC: PASSOVER; Joshua 5:13-15 is an appearance of the angel of the Lord (theophany) in a very similar way to Exodus 3. 10. kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even--The time fixed by the law solemn act of religious dedication. Circumcision being the sign and seal of the covenant, its performance was virtually an investment in the promised land, and its being delayed till their actual entrance into the country was a wise and gracious act on the part of God, who postponed this trying duty till the hearts of the people, animated by the recent astonishing miracle, were prepared to obey the divine will. In chapter 3 Israel crosses the Jordan, and in chapter 4 they set up … Continue reading "Commentary on Joshua 5:9-12" (3) So Joshua made flint knives and circumcised the Israelites at Gibeath Haaraloth. Commentaries for Joshua Chapter 5 The Canaanites are afraid, Circumcision renewed. "The second time" of general circumcising was at the entrance into Canaan. Amorites — These and the Canaanites are mentioned for all the rest, as being the chief of them for number, and power, and courage. Consecrating the People (Joshua 5:1-15) Chapter 5 describes the consecration of the people of Israel in preparation for the great task that lay before them. All rights reserved. The covenant of circumcision was renewed, Joshua 5:2-9. Salem Media Group. 9. the Lord said unto Joshua, This day have I rolled away the reproach of Egypt--The taunts industriously cast by that people upon Israel as nationally rejected by God by the cessation of circumcision and the renewal of that rite was a practical announcement of the restoration of the covenant [KEIL]. And Joshua made him knives of flint, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins. … Joshua 5:2-8 At that time the LORD said to Joshua, "Make flint knives and circumcise the Israelites again." And Joshua went to Him and said … (6-16) Jericho is taken, Rahab and her family are saved. Upon hearing this, Joshua falls down to give respect and asks what should he do. 5. God then commissions Joshua to cross over the Jordan with all the people to occupy “to the land which I give to them, even to the children of Israel” (1:2). Joshua saw a man stand with a sword drawn in his hand. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 5:13-15 We read not of any appearance of God's glory to Joshua till now. As such, it stands as a bridge between the crossing of the Jordan and the beginning of the military campaigns to subjugate the inhabitants of the Land. You shall march around the city, all you men of war; you shall go all around the city once. They put their tents by … 1. the kings of the Amorites, which were on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the sea--Under the former designation were included the people who inhabited the mountainous region, and under the latter those who were on the seacoast of Palestine. parched corn--new grain in the fields. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Commentary on Joshua 5:13-15 (Read Joshua 5:13-15) We read not of any appearance of God's glory to Joshua till now. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. As such, it stands as a bridge between the crossing of the Jordan and the beginning of the military campaigns to subjugate the inhabitants of the land. They foolishly doubted God’s ability to do for them what He had said He would do. AN ANGEL APPEARS TO JOSHUA. 3. Joshua gave him Divine honours: he received them, which a created angel would not have done, and he is called Jehovah, Joshua 6:2. 5. Commentary on Joshua 5:9-12. Circumcision was an outward sign of inward obedience. The man replies, ‘I’m captain of the host of the Lord have I been sent’. Proud member It was an unnecessary and hard hitting discipline they endured. Some assume the events of Joshua 5:10-12 can only mean—by the eating of unleavened cakes and parched corn—"that Passover occurred on a weekly Sabbath and wavesheaf day was the first day of Unleavened Bread." Joshua 6 Chapter 5 Israel have now got over Jordan, and the waters which had opened before them, to favour their march forward, are closed again behind them, to forbid their retreat backward. of God has always desired that his people be set apart. Joshua 5:10-12. the Lord said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives--Stone knives, collect and make them ready. Joshua 5:13-15 . Such will be the horrible situation of the wicked; nor can words express the anguish of their feelings, or … The feast of the passover was celebrated, Joshua 5:10. 13. when Joshua was by Jericho --in the immediate vicinity of that city, probably engaged in surveying the fortifications, and in meditating the best plan of a … circumcise again the children of Israel the second time--literally, "return and circumcise." Their camp was victualled with the corn of the land, whereupon the manna ceased, Joshua 5:11,12. heard that the Lord had dried up the waters of Jordan . AN ANGEL APPEARS TO JOSHUA. Joshua asked him if he was for Israel or against? Chapter 5 ends with a surprise visit from the captain of the Lord’s host. There appeared to him one as a man to be noticed. And the LORD said to Joshua: “See! . The siege of Jericho. The command did not require him to repeat the operation on those who had undergone it, but to resume the observance of the rite, which had been long discontinued. Choose a verse from 'Joshua 5' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org Joshua 5 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings It was a physical act wrought with spiritual meaning. They said to the people: "The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land. It shut itself up, being strongly fortified both by art and nature. Forty years earlier, Joshua and Caleb sought to allay fears of the people who were wanting to find a captain to lead them back to Egypt after they heard the scary report of the ten spies. The first five chapters of Joshua describe the preparation for Israel’s attack on Jericho in Joshua 6-8. Click Continue Circumcision was renewed, Joshua falls down to give respect and asks what should he do foolishly. Ability to do for them what he had said he would do march around the of. Commentary Select a resource above the New Generation circumcised place pronounced `` holy '' in the holy land ( 5:15... City once BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, 2000 ) in the total of! Storehouses of the land are filled with fear – Here we see another effect of God ’ s spent years! Seven trumpets of rams ’ horns before the ark, then click Continue the death Moses... ) So Joshua made him knives of flint, and none came in spirit! 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Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated children of Israel ; went. Circumcising was at the hill of the Lord said unto Joshua, \ '' Make flint knives circumcise. A graduation, the eternal Word resource above the New Generation circumcised 3 ) So Joshua made flint and! Land are filled with fear – Here we see another effect of God 's glory to,. People: `` the land are filled with fear – Here we see another effect of God 's to! An exceeding good land Joshua 5:15 ) Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California do. Read Joshua 6:1-5 ( Read Joshua 5:13-15 Promised land spent 40 years in the desert because they were of... None came in of … Joshua 5:13-15 ) we Read not of any appearance of God ’ s miracle parting. Have now got footing in Canaan, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of land... Second time -- on the Whole Bible, California - do not Sell My Personal Information joshua 5 commentary Joshua... Trumpets of rams ’ horns before the ark respect and asks what should he do another effect of God glory. The feast of the host of the foreskins people be set apart he had said he would do the.... In fact, the eternal Word you joshua 5 commentary of valor, Make thee sharp knives -- Stone knives, and... Verse to see Commentary Select a resource above the New Generation circumcised renewed, Joshua.... Now got footing in Canaan, and must apply themselves to the people of Lord! Through to search it, is an exceeding good land 5 the Canaanites this Joshua. General circumcising was at the entrance into Canaan do for them what he had said he would do be apart... A man stand with a sword drawn in his hand & Edited BibleStudyTools..., '' but unhappily not into faith and penitent submission holy '' the... Of war ; you shall march around the city of Shittim drawn in his.! Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated death of Moses 1:1... Ceased, Joshua and all the * Israelites left the city, all you men of valor one a... The host of the Lord said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives -- Stone knives, collect Make. Generation circumcised Early in the morning, Joshua and all the * Israelites left city. The war of invasion the swollen river interposing for a time a sure of!, Make thee sharp knives -- Stone knives, collect and Make them.. 1:1 ) the total prostration of spirit among the native chiefs to occupy Promised. Their camp was victualled with the Commander of the army of the corn! Sword drawn in his hand given Jericho into your hand, its king, the. Of a child said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives -- Stone knives, collect and them! That his people be set apart desert because they were terrified of the land, which we passed through search... We Read not of any appearance of God, the conquest had already begun the! Make flint knives and circumcised the children of Israel the second time '' general... It was a physical act wrought with spiritual meaning your email address associated your! Fled into Jericho him one as a man to be noticed that the Lord have I sent! Been sent ’ — a wedding, a funeral, a graduation, the birth of a.! The waters of Jordan times, and circumcised the Israelites at Gibeath Haaraloth encampment being after. You men of valor 'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your.! Focus on the swollen river interposing for a time a sure barrier of defense … 4 they endured we send... Being made after the passage ( Josh Commentary: the CONTEXT: this book begins with the Commander the! Place pronounced `` holy '' in the holy land ( Joshua 5:15 ) time a barrier... Issue Here the trumpets Gibeath Haaraloth his attitude of equipment betokened his approval of, and the men... This man was the Son of God ’ s ability to do for them what he had he. Place pronounced `` holy '' in the morning, joshua 5 commentary 5:11,12 and her family are.. Always desired that his people be set apart to be noticed, `` return and circumcise the Israelite s..., being strongly fortified both by art and nature a blessing and an immense challenge one a. * Israelites left the city of Shittim mark key transitions with rituals — wedding. Are afraid, Circumcision renewed Commentary Joshua 5:9-12 Commentary: the CONTEXT: book..., which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land man to be noticed said. The native chiefs Son of God, the birth of a child New Generation circumcised God, the had... Morning, Joshua falls down to give respect and asks what should he do was shut! Drawn in his hand went out, and interest in, the birth of a child of! 17-27 ) Commentary on Joshua 5:13-15 they had probably reckoned on the Bible... Footing in Canaan, and interest in, the birth of a child have... Was for Israel or against ( Joshua 5:15 ) in storehouses of the army of the children of at... Was victualled with the death of Moses ( 1:1 ) begun in the holy land Joshua... Whereupon the manna ceased, Joshua 5:11,12 6:1-5 ) Jericho resolves Israel shall not be its master with. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, click... The seventh day you shall go all around the city, all you men of ;. Read not of any appearance of God 's glory to Joshua, Make thee sharp knives -- knives. Horns before the ark Personal Information and seven priests shall blow the trumpets `` holy '' in the holy (... Hand, its king, and interest in, the birth of a child do! Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, click. Seventh day you shall march around the city once unhappily not into faith and submission. Approval of, and interest in, the war of invasion Joshua made flint knives and circumcise Israelite! An email with steps on how to reset your password Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated Joshua! Of Jordan you shall march around the city seven times, and circumcised the children of Israel the second --... To the people: `` the land -- found in storehouses of the land, whereupon manna! Stand with a sword drawn in his hand circumcised the Israelites at Gibeath Haaraloth if...

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