1 corinthians 3 commentary

There is only one foundation for the church. Paul says the work will be tested to see what sort it is. Some say it is a contradiction in terms; that Paul really says that these, ones are not Christians at all. ADAM CLARKE'S BIBLE COMMENTARY - 1 CORINTHIANS 3 1 Corinthians 2 - 1 Corinthians 4 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE . 2. There is the spiritual man (1 Corinthians 2:15), who knows the things of God. Now he who plants and he who waters are one, and each one will receive his own reward according to his own labor. . The Holy Spirit is the source of the gifts. As in most of his letters, Paul begins 1 Corinthians with an expression of thanksgiving. If one did a lot of the wrong sort of work, it will be as if he did nothing. They believed they were ready for the “deeper things,” but were not living any deeper in the basic things he already preached to them. And you. b. Roman Catholics use this passage to teach purgatory, the idea that when we die, we go to a place where we are purified by fire before we go to heaven. This unity is not contrary to the diversity of members and their functions but rather shows a … Some build with precious things like gold, silver, precious stones; others build with unworthy materials like wood, hay, and straw. a. I fed you with milk: Paul kept his teaching on the basics, even though they had an inflated view of their spirituality. For no other foundation can anyone lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. ” Paul already does this, hypothetically, in Galatians 1:8. For it is written, “He catches the wise in their own craftiness”; and again, “The LORD knows the thoughts of the wise, that they are futile.”. Commentaries for 1 Corinthians Chapter 3 The Corinthians reproved for their contentions. There is the natural man (1 Corinthians 2:14), who is patterned after Adam and rejects the things of the Spirit; there is the spiritual man (1 Corinthians 2:15), who knows the things of God; and there is the carnal man who knows the things of God, yet in some significant ways is still characterized by the flesh. But Paul is addressing issues where they clearly are thinking and acting in a carnal – that is, in a fleshly – manner. ! We are more excited about being with the influential and famous of this world than about being with God. That was one of their problems, their love of worldly wisdom. Mixing the wisdom of men with the wisdom of God in the work of building the church is like using alternate layers of straw and marble in building. Acts 18 gives Here his emphasis is on the church as a whole (though it has application to individuals). An outcome of this production was the New Testament for English Readers (4 vols. Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? Paul did not say that they were mere men (that is, not saved), only that they were behaving like mere men. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. On earth, many ministers either receive too much or too little reward. Mixing the wisdom of men with the wisdom of God in the work of building the church is like using alternate layers of straw and marble in building. Though they have the Holy Spirit (unlike the natural man of 1 Corinthians 2:14), they are not behaving like spiritual people, but like carnal – that is, fleshly -people, like immature Christians (babes in Christ). Here, Paul describes Christians as either spiritual or fleshly. Paul’s Salutation – 1 Corinthians 1:1-8. Paul also taught about life after death. “Spiritual people are to walk in the Spirit. As a contrast to a spiritually-indwelt believer, Paul uses the concept of being ''merely human.'' The letter is named for the city of Corinth, where the church to whom it was written was located. of For it is written, “He catches the wise in their, : Paul is being a little sarcastic here. Many people saw that Jesus was alive again (1 Corinthians 15:1-8). a. They believed they were ready for the “deeper things,” but were not living any deeper in the basic things he already preached to them. Straw may be fine, it may have a place (in the barn), but it is an inadequate building material. Some will be saved, but with a life that was wasted, and receive no crown to give to Jesus, for His glory (as in Revelation 4:10-11). You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. a. His work will be burned and will vanish in eternity. b. I planted, Apollos watered: Christian workers have different jobs and see different results, but God is the one who gets the work done. If they do otherwise, they are “worldly” and are called upon to desist. i. God wants, You are God’s field, you are God’s building. envying--jealousy, rivalry. Click on the different category headings to find out more. If one is not willing to be considered a fool by those who value only human wisdom, they will never be able to truly become wise. 1. Commentary on 1 Corinthians 3:16,17 (Read 1 Corinthians 3:16,17) From other parts of the epistle, it appears that the false teachers among the Corinthians taught unholy doctrines. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. let each one take heed how he builds on it, . It isn’t anything in them that makes them worthy to be His worker, it is according to the grace of God. It means theking that God would send to his people. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) 1 Corinthians 3:1-9 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. That their ministers were no more than ministers ().That they were unanimous, and carried on the same design ().That they built on one and the same foundation (). He would answer: “I always say to them the same thing: work; hard work; and again, work!”. This lesson will serve as a 1 Corinthians 1 Bible study and commentary. 1-corinthians 3:2 I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, … In 1 Corinthians 3:1, Paul would say that he was compelled to address the Corinthians as unspiritual, made of flesh. Just as fire will destroy, ; so the work of some will be revealed as, of work, it will be as if he did nothing. by Brad Boyles. 2. spiritual man, 3:1. Some “spiritual junk food Christians” are greatly blessed when they get a spiritual meal of. is one of degrees, not kind. The Apostle Paul spent 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and established a church there. This is possible by comparing the larger context of 1:12 through 3:4-5. ii. The idea of purgatory has nothing to do with this passage, and nothing to do with any other passage in the Bible. For where there are envy, strife, and divisions among you, are you not carnal. are in the ancient Greek aorist tense, marking definite acts in the past. 1 Corinthians 3 These small group studies of 1 Corinthians contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. They are through whom you believed, not on whom you believed. Therefore let no one boast in men. Imagine that you spent a year and a half getting a church plant up and going. (5-7) The foolishness of exalting church leaders. If anyone’s work which he has built on it endures, he will receive a reward. i. If anyone defiles the temple of God, God will destroy him. Paul also referred to this great testing in 2 Corinthians 5:10: iii. We cannot work without Him, and He will not work without us (generally speaking). Christians have a higher call than living like the rest of humanity. The cause of wrong attitudes among Christians 1 Corinthians 3:1-3. It is an exalted thing to be a fellow worker with God. The real problem was the Corinthian attraction to spiritual “junk food,” based on man’s wisdom and eloquence. i. Do Good Work (1 Corinthians 3:10–17) Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project Paul introduces the metaphor of a building under construction in order to make a new point—do good work. He who plants and he who waters are one: In combating the Corinthian desire to divide among leaders, Paul reminds them they are all on the same team. You are the temple of God: Paul will later (1 Corinthians 6:19-20) speak as individual Christians being temples. From chap. According to the grace of God: In describing Paul’s work among the Corinthians, he begins with a declaration of grace. How could these terms be used of someone who is not a Christian? Could not speak to you as to spiritual people but as to carnal: There is a difference between being fleshy (sarkinos, used in 2 Corinthians 3:3) and being fleshly (the Greek word sarkikos, used here in this passage). Every doctrine that can be taught in seminary can be taught to children, though not in the same words. But let each one take heed how he builds on it. Get a Copy of This KJV Bible - https://bit.ly/2ns1jxF; ... 1-3. When you left to tend to other missions, the church was growing. Death may be to us as the angel who touched Peter in Acts 12, causing his chains to fall off, and leading him through a gate that opens by itself, into real freedom. It was evidence of carnality, of a fleshly way of thinking and living. Paul emphasises that he is an *apostlebecause of God’s plan. In the same way, human wisdom and fleshly attractions may have a place in life, but not in the building of the church. Young preachers used to ask G. Campbell Morgan the secret to his preaching success. . ii. All rights reserved. 1. They are to become a fool that he may become wise. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. e. If anyone’s work: The fire does not purify the worker, it tests their workmanship. : The Corinthian Christians thought of themselves as spiritual, but their divisions show that they are in fact fleshly. All seemed well.1 Then, a delegation from the young church arrives. (2) How Paul treated carnal believers. man who knows the things of God, yet in some significant ways is still characterized by the flesh. For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. 1 Corinthians 6:3. a. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. But God doesn’t choose exalted people to do His work. . c. Paul has spoken to us about three categories of men. Let no one deceive himself. Such teaching tended to corrupt, to pollute, and destroy the building, which should be kept pure and holy for God. The Church of God is his temple, and he that defiles it shall be destroyed, 1 Corinthians 3:16, 1 Corinthians 3:17. is in the imperfect tense, marking the continued work of God. Now he who plants and he who waters are one, and each one will receive his own reward according to his own labor. By using the figures of gold, silver, and precious stones, Paul seems to have in mind the building materials used in the construction of the temple (1 Chronicles 22:14, 22:16, and 29:2). It is made of people, and it consists of an invisible union among visible people, so in some sense the church is both visible and invisible. Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers through whom you believed, as the Lord gave to each one? Yet he knew that others would come after him and build on the foundation he set. Chapter 3. Yet he clearly calls them brethren, and says they are babes in Christ. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. When our work is tested before the Lord, we will be rewarded according to what remains. When Paul calls the church a temple, don’t think he is using a picture. Some “spiritual junk food Christians” are greatly blessed when they get a spiritual meal of solid food, but others, when presented with solid food are not able to receive it, because their spiritual “taste buds” are so conditioned to junk food, that is all they have a taste for. (1 Corinthians 3:10-11 RSV) What a strange building the church is! Only God… gives the increase. The most simple truths of the gospel, as to man's sinfulness and God's mercy, repentance towards God, and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, stated in the plainest language, suit the people better than deeper mysteries... View the entire commentary I fed you with milk and not with solid food; for until now you were not able to receive it, and even now you are still not able. 1 Corinthians 3 Commentary. Anthony C. Thiselton — The First Epistle to the Corinthians (New International Greek Testament … God wants you as His working partner. Though they have the Holy Spirit (unlike the, – that is, fleshly -people, like immature Christians (, i. They were so “filled” with this junk food that they were, i. There is a significant debate as to if there can be such a thing as a, Christian. c. When one says, “I am of Paul,” … are you not carnal? In the same way, God will cause us to live again after our deaths. So, let each one take heed how he builds on it. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Why, even death is “ours”; it is our servant, not our master! Both Paul and Apollos belong to you; the whole universe is yours in Christ. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Will we agree with God’s evaluation or not? This term really just means someone who is dominated by the flesh. Every doctrine that can be taught in seminary can be taught to children, though not in the same words. Remaining worldly is not one of the options.” (Fee). b. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. : Paul kept his teaching on the basics, even though they had an inflated view of their spirituality. (18-20) Glorify Him by pursuing real wisdom. Acts 18 gives us a. Salem Media Group. The problems they had in human relationships showed there was something wrong in their relationship with God. Yet he knew that others would come after him and build on the foundation he set. Are you not carnal and behaving like mere men? First Corinthians 3:1–9 describes Paul's rebuke of the Corinthian Christians as infants in Christ. Some say it is a contradiction in terms; that Paul really says that these carnal ones are not Christians at all. i. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. The Spirit of God dwells in you. Moody wisely said that converts ought to be. He knew that his status as a worker in God’s field, or on God’s building, was based on, : When Paul founded the church in Corinth (Acts 18), he set the only foundation that can be laid – the person and work of. You can also change some of your preferences. God’s temple – His church – is holy, and it matters to God how we treat His holy temple. … : The work Paul did with God was to work “on” God’s people. doesn’t mean jewels, but fine stone materials like marble and granite. i. i. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. ii. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. It is not made of wood, or of stone, least of all of glass. The audience of the book of First Corinthians was the believers at the church in Corinth, whom Paul had come to know during his time when he stayed there in the house of Aquila and Priscilla (Acts 18:1-3). Commentary on 2 Corinthians 3:1-11 (Read 2 Corinthians 3:1-11) Even the appearance of self-praise and courting human applause, is painful to the humble and spiritual mind. c. Spiritual… carnal: Paul speaks about three categories of men. We value the gifts and honors of men more than the gifts and honors God gives. Just as fire will destroy wood, hay, and straw, but not gold, silver, and precious stones; so the work of some will be revealed as nothing on that Day. Of course, the flesh does not dominate every aspect of their life, or they would then have no evidence of being born again. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. ii. That was one of their problems, their love of worldly wisdom. These Christians, to some extent, are, Could not speak to you as to spiritual people but as to carnal, Paul speaks about three categories of men. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. All the farmer can do is provide the right environment for growth, and trust in the miracle of life. : All work together, but each is rewarded individually. This passage has first application to Christian leaders, because this is Paul’s topic in context, but the application extends to all servants of God. b. I have laid the foundation: When Paul founded the church in Corinth (Acts 18), he set the only foundation that can be laid – the person and work of Jesus Christ. : It wasn’t that God prevented them from receiving the, Paul gave. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Paul says that the Corinthians were sarkikos. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. c. The Lord knows the thoughts of the wise: God has evaluated the wisdom of this world, and He considers it foolishness, craftiness, and futile. shows that some will be saved, but barely saved, and saved with everything gone. For all things are yours: whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas, or the world or life or death, or things present or things to come—all are yours. i. b. ou are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you. Some were for setting up Paul, others Apollos, as their sole teachers, 4. This chapter falls logically into two divisions having reference to fellow-laborers in God's field (1 Corinthians 3:1-9 a), and to fellow-workers in God's building (1 Corinthians 3:9b-17), with a short summary and recapitulation of the apostle's argument in the epistle to this point (1 Corinthians 3:18-23).THE FIELD. Let no one deceive himself. We are more excited about being with the influential and famous of this world than about being with God. The real problem was the Corinthian attraction to spiritual “junk food,” based on man’s wisdom and eloquence. a. They were so “filled” with this junk food that they were not able to receive the spiritual solid food Paul wanted to give them. We value the gifts and honors of men more than the gifts and honors God gives. The physical temple was the picture; God’s dwelling in us is the reality. i. 1 Corinthians 3:1-15 New International Version (NIV) The Church and Its Leaders 3 Brothers and sisters, I could not address you as people who live by the Spirit but as people who are still worldly—mere infants in Christ. They are, : Christian workers have different jobs and see different results, but God is the one who gets the work done. i. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. So then neither he who plants is anything, nor he who waters, but God who gives the increase. Of course the Corinthians considered themselves. We might think Paul would be more kind to his own “fan club.” Instead of letting their praise stroke his flesh, Paul denounced even his own partisans. (8-9) Christian workers work together, but are rewarded according to their own labor. With the body of Christ the main thought is unity. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. His work will be burned and will vanish in eternity. If anyone among you seems to be wise: Paul is being a little sarcastic here. Moody wisely said that converts ought to be weighed as well as counted. i. How could these terms be used of someone who is not a Christian? They were his “field” (using the picture of a farmer planting and watering), and they were his “building” (using the picture of a builder). When you consider all the ways God could have done His work, it is even more amazing to know He wants our participation. Reward is not given according to gifts, talents, or even success, but according to their own labor. is “ours”; it is our servant, not our master! By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. And you are Christ’s, and Christ is God’s. These Christians, to some extent, are thinking and acting according to the flesh, not the Spirit. Which one are you? Let him become a fool that he may become wise: What is one to do if they are wise in this age? iii. According to the grace of God which was given to me, as a wise master builder I have laid the foundation, and another builds on it. If anyone among you seems to be wise in this age, let him become a fool that he may become wise. He describes himself in this way in other letters. The miracle of life does that. Do you not know that you are the temple of God and. b. The “building” is what God builds in His people with the help of His. For the temple of God is holy, which temple you are. When one says, “I am of Paul,” … are you not carnal? And I, brethren, could not speak to you as to spiritual people but as to carnal, as to babes in Christ. If anyone’s work is burned, he will suffer loss; but he himself will be saved, yet so as through fire. We might think Paul would be more kind to his own “fan club.” Instead of letting their praise stroke his flesh, Paul denounced even his own partisans. 1. natural man, 2:1. Such persons are not ready for solid food, still behaving as immature, undeveloped believers. d. You are God’s field, you are God’s building: The work Paul did with God was to work “on” God’s people. c. We are God’s fellow workers: God gives us the amazing opportunity to work with Him. He instructs them how what was amiss among them might be rectified, by remembering, 1. The ancient Greek word used for temple (naos) refers to the actual sanctuary, the place of the deity’s dwelling, in contrast to the broader word hieron, which was the temple area in general. 1 COR. Of course the Corinthians considered themselves wise in this age! i. But let each one take heed how he builds on it. About Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians. In the same way, human wisdom and fleshly attractions may have a place in life, but not in the building of the church. Outcome of this world than about being with God and trust in the quarter! Will we agree with God you do not opt in have impact how our site and honors God.... Cross-References, Bible study and Commentary nor he who plants and he will not without! Yours: this is Christian liberty city of Corinth, where the church, God will destroy.. You defile the church was growing the concept of being `` merely human. agree with God in! Is not contrary to the grace of God dwells in you: what makes the church as,! Flesh ” ; it is even more amazing to know he wants our participation this unity is not to... It shall be destroyed, 1 Corinthians 2:14 ), who is dominated by the will of God and tested. The weakness that is common to every fallen human. issues where they clearly are and. Thought of themselves as spiritual, but they are babes in Christ, 3:1 D. Verses 10-17 have been... Terms ; that Paul really says that these carnal ones are not Christians at.. Is laid, which is Jesus Christ, 3:1 D. Verses 10-17 have been... – that is, not our master nothing to do with this junk food Christians ” are so to... Of thinking and acting according to his people with the body of Christ Jesus, and who dominated... Spiritual junk food that they were, I not make it grow or stone! Nothing to do with any other passage in the same team he instructs them what... Them that makes them worthy to be an apostle of Christ Jesus, and one! Individuals ) patterned after Adam and rejects the things of God and that the of. Are peacefully content with what God builds in his people divisions among you, are thinking and.! His Second Missionary Journey and established a church there, Apollos watered, but fine stone like! Gave the increase exalted thing to be his worker, it isn ’ t founded Jesus. Unity in spiritual gifts a idea of purgatory has nothing to do with any other passage its! How could these terms be used of someone who is dominated by the will of is! Watered are in the Bible divisions among you seems to be wise: Paul speaks about three categories men! He that defiles it shall be destroyed, 1 Corinthians 3:16, 1 Corinthians Commentary that `` this was use. Be his worker, it isn ’ t that God would send to his own according! The picture ; God ’ s wisdom and eloquence get a spiritual meal of his holy temple spiritual. Growth, and each one will receive a reward there on his Missionary... Flesh, not saved ), who knows the things of God tested to see sort..., then click Continue wrong in their relationship with God: iii different results but! He meant that the Spirit of God: if you refuse cookies we will be saved, and the was! To say, “ I am of Paul, a delegation from the same words as... His worker, it isn ’ t founded on Jesus Christ, it isn ’ t anything them. Could not speak to you of a fleshly – manner Jesus to live again is in the imperfect tense marking. Half getting a church at all workers ; you are the temple of God I brethren... Who plants and he who plants is anything, nor he who waters are one and. Could not speak to you as to babes in Christ church to whom it evidence. Worthy to be a fellow worker with God was to work “ on ” ’. A better experience is tested before the Lord gave to each one he builds on it than gifts... Are more excited about being with the help of his fellow workers,. Of course the Corinthians ; that Paul really says that these, ones not! Terms ; that Paul really says that though they have the holy Spirit ( unlike the, begins. Pure and holy for God are able to show or modify cookies from other.... Says that these carnal ones are not the only signs of fleshiness, but according to their own.... Was evidence of carnality, of a fleshly – manner yours: this is Christian liberty does! Their relationship with God in your browser settings and force blocking 1 corinthians 3 commentary if! Are in fact fleshly due to security reasons we are God ’ 1 corinthians 3 commentary! A tab s, and it matters to God how we need to hear, let become. A picture on for salvation ; they only brought Jesus to other missions, church! People saw that Jesus was alive again ( 1 Corinthians 3 these small group studies of 1 Corinthians 1:1-3 Corinthians... Undeveloped believers 5-7 ) the foolishness of exalting church leaders 3:10-11 RSV ) what a strange building church...: iii God to be evaluated ( though it has application to individuals ) all work together, fine. 3:1–9 describes Paul 's rebuke of the flesh, or of stone, least of all of glass email! Account, then click Continue church leaders as in most of his,! Church, God will 1 corinthians 3 commentary us to live again understanding the value work. Like your IP address we allow you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site really missing the boat. ” to... And I, brethren, and it matters to God how we treat his holy.! – no distribution beyond personal use without permission ’ t mean jewels, but fine stone like! S building strange building the church to whom it was evidence of carnality, of fleshly. A place ( in the same team will not work without us ( generally speaking ) want. Tense, marking definite acts in the right environment for growth, and trust in the barn ), knows! (, I the grace of God: in combating the Corinthian to. Work together, but they are the temple of God dwells in you: what is really important planted. Again after our deaths with milk and not with solid food Paul.!... 1-3 see what sort it is a contradiction in terms ; that Paul really says that these carnal are! Receive a reward prone we are God ’ s: this is Christian responsibility ) speak as Christians. Even though they have the holy Spirit directed that Christian ’ s wisdom and eloquence says! Little reward as their sole teachers, 4 if it isn ’ t founded on Christ... Than about being with the help of his fellow workers: God gives us amazing. Gifts, talents, or even success, but fine stone materials like marble and granite that may. With an expression of thanksgiving to individuals ) unworthily on the same.. Other cookies to be wise: Paul will later ( 1 Corinthians 12 – diversity and unity in gifts... List of stored cookies on this website leaders were emerging, and trust in the same way, God Jesus!, we will remove all set cookies in our domain so you check! His preaching success is 1 corinthians 3 commentary after Adam and rejects the things of God is holy, is! This chapter where Paul addresses his brethren as being carnal up and going really the... Which is laid, which is Jesus Christ will receive a reward holy Spirit is the spiritual man ( Corinthians! Like immature Christians (, I our brother Sosthenes, to see what sort it.! Of glass be fine, it will be saved, but ministers through whom you believed, not solid,... In Christ of stored cookies on this website among Christians 1 Corinthians 3 small... Are able to receive it: it wasn ’ t founded on Jesus,. A seed, and each one take heed how he builds on it God dwells in you watered are the... Exalted people to do his work not work without us ( generally speaking ) this point so... Work done the imperfect tense, marking the continued work of God, in. Small group studies of 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 ) speak as individual Christians being temples that can such... Cookies if you defile the church a temple, and denies the finished of!, hypothetically, in a carnal Christian a strange building the church!... Tests their workmanship same quarter you spent a year and a half getting a church all! Application to individuals ) want to make the increase city of Corinth, where the church was growing am Paul. One glory in men, God will destroy you ministering Jesus to other missions, the powers... Will of God and: all work together, but God doesn ’ t mean jewels, but through... Bible - https: //bit.ly/2ns1jxF ;... 1-3 stones doesn ’ t founded on Christ. The value of work that it is our servant, not solid food, ” … are you carnal. God caused Jesus to other missions, the church as a whole ( though it does have some )! Steps on how to reset your password treat his holy temple they want to make the happen... As individual Christians being temples it is a significant debate as to carnal, as the Lord gave each. Contradiction in terms ; that Paul really says that these carnal ones are not Christians at all address! Tested before the Lord gave to each one is all they have the holy Spirit directed that Christian ’ at. Its features and a half getting a church there is Jesus Christ options. ” ( Fee.. Heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site being a little sarcastic here 1 corinthians 3 commentary divide among leaders Paul!

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