who was nehemiah in the bible

Who Was Nehemiah & Why Is He Important in the Bible? Throughout the book we see a man wholly focused on God. He was not a priest (6:5-12). Ezra and Nehemiah are one book in the Hebrew Bible, for they are part of the same story. See EZRA-NEHEMIAH. … God is always happy to have us turn back to him and recommit our lives. Nehemiah had worked for King Artaxerxes long enough to gain wisdom about leadership. He’s not a spiritual leader or prophet. Non-Jews were permitted to conduct business inside Jerusalem on the Sabbath and to keep rooms in the Temple. If so, the attempt by his enemy Shemaiah to trick him into entering the Temple is aimed at making him break Jewish law, rather than simply hide from assassins.[13]. Nehemiah wept when he heard the news of the broken wall and burned gates. He patiently kept reminding the people to trust God and that God would fight for them and help them. [1], Most scholars believe Nehemiah was a real historical figure and that the Nehemiah Memoir, a name given by scholars to certain portions of the book written in the first person, is historically reliable.[3][4][5]. Receiving the bad news became a call for Nehemiah, a challenge to bring change that would glorify God. T hough no author is claimed in the book of Nehemiah it is believed that Ezra or Nehemiah wrote the book. Nehemiah had families work on the wall together and then assemble together to hear the reading of the God’s Word. Outline. As a leader, Nehemiah looked to the welfare of their people and not just the condition of the city. A certain mishnah is declared by the Rabbis to have originated in the school of Nehemiah (Shab. Heartbroken, Nehemiah began to weep. He tells how, against tremendous odds, he accomplished an unimaginably difficult undertaking. v. 19, xiii. Nehemiah offers hope and much more. In the month Kislev of the twentieth year, I was in the citadel of Susa 2 when Hanani, one of my brothers, came with other men from Judah. Email. They ridiculed and bullied (4:1-6), but Nehemiah prayed, ignored them, and the work continued. Enemies tried various tactics, but Nehemiah stood firm. He gathered about fifty priests and scribes together and made them sign and seal a written covenant. He humbly remained the secular leader and had the priests read the Word. Through the process of restoring and dedicating the wall we glean many lessons from Nehemiah on prayer, leadership, overcoming enemies, restoring hearts, integrity, and holiness. The plan included teamwork, persistence, and cooperation, plus trust in God. Ezra, a descendant of Aaron, arrives in Jerusalem later and instills God's laws to the post-Exile Jewish generation. He desired to please God and willingly wanted God to observe him and be with him. Article Images Copyright ©. They responded by going to work immediately. Man of prayer. All that we know about him from contemporary sources is found in this book; and so the readers of this article are referred to the Book of Nehemiah for the best and fullest account of his words and deeds. He trusted God’s promises to Moses to restore the people. James D. G. Dunn, John William Rogerson, Eerdmans, 2003), "Ezra the scribe: the development of Ezra 7–10 and Nehemiah 8", "Rebuilding identity: the Nehemiah-memoir and its earliest readers", "Jerusalem in the Persian (and Early Hellenistic) Period and the Wall of Nehemiah", "Archaeology and the List of Returnees in the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nehemiah&oldid=993467683, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In the 20th year of Artaxerxes I (445 or 444 BC), Nehemiah was cup-bearer to the king. Nehemiah was the cupbearer to King Artaxerxes I at a time when Judah in Palestine had been partly repopulated by Jews released from their exile in Babylonia. Nehemiah 1:1-2 “The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. Enemies tried to make Nehemiah compromise by drawing him outside the city where they could harm him, and then they tried to lure him to meet in the temple to compromise his faith. Zerubbabel and Nehemiah both play a part in restoring God's Temple, while Zerubbabel takes charge over governing affairs, and Nehemiah rebuilds the Walls of Jerusalem. [17], Samuel Taylor Coleridge commented on the dearth of a classical painting featuring Nehemiah. He was also prayerfully prepared when outside opposition began. He stated that he was doing a great work (6:2-4). Appearing in the Queen's presence[11] may indicate that he was a eunuch,[12] and in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, he is described as such: eunochos (eunuch), rather than oinochoos (wine-cup-bearer). When the king asked how he could help, Nehemiah shared that he wanted to go to Jerusalem and listed letters he needed along the journey to obtain supplies. The biblical sources for Nehemiah’s life and work are the autobiographical portions scattered through the book. Nehemiah’s prayer life reflected a believer who trusted God. [15] However, Rabbi Isaiah di Trani, in his commentary to the Book of Nehemiah, writes as factual that Nehemiah was a Kohen. Nehemiah assembled the people when he heard of fighting within (5:1-13). After some time in Susa he returned to Jerusalem, only to find that the people had fallen back into their evil ways. Photo Credit: Unsplash/Guillaume De Germain. Nehemiah also set up a signal of a trumpet call, so they could rally together and trust God to fight for them (4:16-23). He arrived in Jerusalem equipped for the work. Jerusalem was in ruins and surrounded by powerful enemies. His name was on the sealed document of the Covenant (10:1). Reading the Bible and remembering the poor -- a combination of faith and works -- will always bring joy. 123b). Gathering people by family groups reminds us that families are the backbone of a nation. Several times Nehemiah asked God to remember him for good. Chronologically, the book of Nehemiah should come at the end of the Old Testament. The biblical sources for Nehemiah’s life and work are the autobiographical portions scattered through the book. Nehemiah, the son of Hacaliah, is the Jewish patriot whose life is recorded in the Biblical work named after him. Each time enemies bullied them, Nehemiah prayed. He showed respect for the earthly king when he politely stated his requests. In the Hebrew Bible the book of Nehemiah (= comfort of Jah) forms a unity with the preceding book of Ezra (compare with the notes on Ezra).Although the books bear different names they follow each other without paragraph and the numeration of the Masorah is listed at the end of Nehemiah for both books. It is in Hebrew .mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}נְחֶמְיָה‎, Nəḥemyāh, "Yah comforts". In chapter one … Nehemiah 1 1 The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. He prays fervently and continually. Bergren, Theodore A. Nehemiah reminded the people to trust God and paired the workers so one worked while the other stood by, armed to fight. He glorified God with listing the Lord’s attributes. After 12 years as governor, during which he ruled with justice and righteousness, he returned to the king in Susa. He took his time once he arrived in Jerusalem before disclosing his plan to the people. We too should live a life of integrity and that happens when we stay connected to God. He’s a slave for a foreign king in Persia in 444 BC. The book opens with news of the dire condition of the wall surrounding Jerusalem, the city of God. Nehemiah believed God would use him to get the wall rebuilt. [16], With Ezra, Nehemiah marks the spring-time in the national history of Judaism (Cant. Photo Credit: Thinkstock/Farknot_Architect. This 13 part expository study of Nehemiah was preached at Flagstaff Christian Fellowship in 2002-2003. Nehemiah saw through their ploys and refused the meetings. He confessed sins of the people. Nehemiah, governor of the province of Judah, was the man of action who rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem and introduced necessary administrative reforms. Next, the enemies tried to slander and shame Nehemiah with a report they would send to the king. The Rabbis think that these two faults were the reason that this book is not mentioned under its own name, but forms part of the Book of Ezra (Sanh. Nehemiah replied that they had invented things and then he prayed to God for strength. He never tried to attack his enemies, but trusted God would deal with them (6:14). He then secretly inspected the damage at night. He quietly worked for King Artaxerxes as drink bearer. Nehemiah is identified in one aggadah with Zerubbabel, the latter name being considered an epithet of Nehemiah and as indicating that he was born at Babylon. He knew that the lack of repairing the wall showed people feared men and not God. This book guides us on how to overcome troubles and trust in God while showing Nehemiah’s prayer life, leadership, and faithfulness. He ends up the governor of Jerusalem and supervises the repairs. The Book of Nehemiah takes Bible readers to the end of the historical account in the Old Testament, some 400 years before the birth of Christ. CHAPTER 1. He recognized God’s blessings and favor (2:8, 18) and shared the news with the people to give them hope. He prayed for four months before God answered his first prayer  (1:1,2:1). Like Nehemiah, we can open our heart in prayer, observe blessings that show God’s favor on us, and listen with both our mind and heart.

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