1 corinthians 13 commentary

Without love, a person may speak with the gift of tongues, but it is as meaningless as sounding brass or a clanging cymbal. When hurt, it does not say, “It will be this way forever, and even get worse.” It hopes for the best, and it hopes in God. i. When we are in heaven, faith and hope will have fulfilled their purpose. It is nothing but empty noise. Even if it is done willingly (Poole notes “and not be dragged to the stake, but freely give up myself to that cruel kind of death”), without love, it profits me nothing. It should all come back to faith, hope, and love. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. It does not have to have the limelight or the attention to do a good job, or to be satisfied with the result. Sometimes the people who seem to work the hardest at love are the ones the furthest from it. Because faith, hope, and love are so important, we should expect to see them emphasized throughout the New Testament. And we do: i. Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, labor of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ in the sight of our God and Father. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. In Exodus 33, face to face is a figurative expression, meaning free and open fellowship. For we know in part and we prophesy in part. . Some believe the burning referred to here is not execution, but branding as a criminal or as a slave for the sake of the gospel. Jesus said that the most important commandments were to love God and to love your neighbor. And the first caution refers to the deceivers, viz., Watch, stand; the next to those who plot against us, quit you like men; the third to those who make parties and endeavour to distract, let all your things be done with charity, which thing is the bond of perfection, and the root and the fountain of all blessings.”. “Love does not ask to have an easy life of it: self-love makes that her aim. i. Paul, quoting the idea of Jesus, refers to faith which could remove mountains (Matthew 17:20). “Many persons cover a spirit of envy and uncharitableness with the name of godly zeal and tender concern for the salvation of others; they find fault with all; their spirit is a spirit of universal censoriousness; none can please them; and every one suffers by them. Love does not envy; love does not parade itself, is not puffed up; does not behave rudely, does not seek its own, is not provoked, thinks no evil; does not rejoice in iniquity, but rejoices in the truth. v. We can read this chapter and think that Paul is saying that if we are unfriendly, then our lives mean nothing. iii. There are those who are prophets, and there are those who speak in tongues. 1 Corinthians 13 is considered one of the most frequently-cited chapters. This has led some to say the gift of tongues is simply the ability to communicate the gospel in other languages, or it is the capability of learning languages quickly. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. b. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. And now abide faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love. Once when Carey was at a dinner party, a snobbish lord tried to insult him by saying very loudly, “Mr. There is no other way to understand the reference to tongues of… angels. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . bestow . i. ii. It speaks of someone who has a “big head.” Love doesn’t get its head swelled; it focuses on the needs of others. It destroys enemies by turning them into friends. The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, 1 Corinthians [Moody Press], p. 341). This is the sense in which John says No one has seen God at any time (1 John 4:12). However, none of those things, precious as they are, make heaven really “heaven.” What makes heaven really heaven is the unhindered, unrestricted, presence of our Lord, and to know just as I also am known will be the greatest experience of our eternal existence. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Clarke describes the heart which does not envy: “They are ever willing that others should be preferred before them.”. e. Then I shall know just as I also am known: God knows everything about me; this is how I also am known. What do you really want more of? Normally, no one would doubt the spiritual credentials of someone who gave away everything they had, and gave up their life in dramatic martyrdom. Instead, love rejoices in the truth. It doesn’t mean I will be all knowing as God is, but it means I will know Him as perfectly as I can. Click on the different category headings to find out more. God has given spiritual gifts to the Church. But even if the rich young ruler had done what Jesus said, yet had not love, it would have been of no profit. John Calvin thought the will cease spoke of the eternal state. The idea here is the same as that presented above 1 Corinthians 12:7, 1 Corinthians 12:11, by which all the endowments of Christians are traced to the same Spirit. First Corinthians 13:1–3 makes the point that without love the gifts are worthless. If God’s love is in us, we will show longsuffering to those who annoy us and hurt us. i. Even those who do not like Paul, for whatever reason, still love this chapter because love is good. 1 Corinthians Chapter 13. Verses 4–7 describe the nature of love, in language designed to point out how little the Corinthians are measuring up. Yet, it is interesting to consider angels may have capacities for communication that we do not have, and will not have until believers are glorified in their resurrection bodies. (1 Thessalonians 5:8), iii. He shows they should emphasize love more than the gifts, because the gifts are temporary “containers” of God’s work; love is the work itself. For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then face to face. 1 Corinthians 13:11, ESV: "When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. I f 1 Corinthians 13 is our measure of love, America has never loved Black people, and the church is complicit. “Possession of the charismata is not the sign of the Spirit; Christian love is.” (Fee). Moses was kept from the Promised Land because he became provoked at the people of Israel (Numbers 20:2-11). We won’t need faith when we see God face to face. g.] ought to be estimated, exercised, and elevated, according to love and its standard. Philia is the third word for love. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. a. THE HYMN OF LOVE (1 Corinthians 13:1-13) 13 I may speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but if I have not love, I am become no better than echoing brass or a clanging cymbal. i. Though some that believe the miraculous gifts ceased with the apostles say it refers to the completion of the New Testament, they are wrong. Paul said, ‘I wrote you a letter. b. Tongues of men and of angels: The ancient Greek word translated tongues has the simple idea of “languages” in some places (Acts 2:11 and Revelation 5:9). For in our present state, we are mere infants in knowledge, in comparison of what we shall be hereafter. It speaks of a brotherly friendship and affection. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. ii. The present state is a state of childhood, the future that of manhood. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known.” Explanation and Commentary of 1 Corinthians 13:12. The more excellent way Paul has spoken of is the way of love. But in the ancient world, mirrors were made out of polished metal, and the image was always unclear and somewhat distorted. These destroy more souls by tithing mint and cummin, than others do by neglecting the weightier matters of the law. Tongues are good, prophecy and knowledge and faith are good, sacrifice is good. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. He is simply writing well, saying the same thing in three different ways. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. When the sun rises, we turn off the lesser lights. 2 Up until this point in the letter, much of Paul’s discussion about speaking in tongues, prophesy, knowledge, and insight has affirmed these as ingredients of Christian worship and life. ii. a. Paul is not writing about how love feels, he is writing about how it can be seen in action. i. “You must have fervent charity towards the saints, but you will find very much about the best of them which will try your patience; for, like yourself, they are imperfect, and they will not always turn their best side towards you, but sometimes sadly exhibit their infirmities. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. ◄ 1 Corinthians 10:13 ► No temptation has seized you except what is common to man. Paul here says, that that Spirit had so endowed them as to fit them to constitute one body, or to be united in one, and to perform the various duties which resulted from their union in the same Christian church. goods . Love: At the beginning, we see love is described by action words, not by lofty concepts. But the way tongues is used here shows it can, and usually does, refer to a supernatural language by which a believer communicates to God. Who can listen to a preacher drone on and on, and say they only prophesy in part? i. Paul is not trying to say that if we are spiritually mature, we will not need spiritual gifts. (8-13) Verses 1-3 The excellent way had in view in the close of the former chapter, is not what is meant by charity in our common use of the word, almsgiving, but love in its fullest meaning; true love to God and man. All things: We might have hoped Paul would have chosen any phrase but this! Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I have become sounding brass or a clanging cymbal. It is love that loves even when it is rejected. d. For now we see in a mirror: This speaks again to the perfect fellowship with God we will have one day. c. There is a reason why Paul put this chapter in the midst of his discussion of spiritual gifts. It is the heart shown in God when it is said of the Lord, The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance (2 Peter 3:9). Bragging is an outward manifestation of pride. 1 Corinthians. c. Prophecy, knowledge, and faith to do miracles are likewise irrelevant apart from love. ii. Sometimes we make the great mistake of letting go of what is best for something else that is good, but not the best. The necessity and advantage of the grace of love. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. i. It refers to family love, the kind of love there is between a parent and child, or between family members in general. We shall see Jesus.” (Spurgeon). Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. This is being like Jesus in a most basic way, being an others-centered person instead of a self-centered person. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. Certainly, that is the that which is perfect spoken of in 1 Corinthians 13:10 as well. Again, the meaning is the same, and the difference is really minor. Instead, we pursue faith, hope, and love. According to Alan Redpath, we get our English word agony from agape. This chapter of Corinthians is addressing themes of integrity, and of the heart. Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart. e. Love… does not seek its own: Paul communicates the same idea in Romans 12:10: in honor giving preference to one another. A church should never be forced to choose between love and gifts of the Holy Spirit. ii. We couldn’t handle this greater knowledge on this side of eternity. Commentary on 1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (Read 1 Corinthians 13:8-13) Charity is much to be preferred to the gifts on which the Corinthians prided themselves. c. Love… believes all things: We never believe a lie, but we never believe evil unless the facts demand it. But up there we shall have our minds and our systems strengthened to receive more, without the damage that would come to us here from overleaping the boundaries of order, supremely appointed and divinely regulated.” (Spurgeon). Yet, even with that kind of faith we are nothing without love. . But God is love, and will always be love. True, the verb with prophecies is in the passive voice (believers are the implied agents), while the verb with tongues is interpreted as the active voice. 1 Corinthians 13:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Corinthians 13:11, NIV: "When I was a child, I talked like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child.When I became a man, I put the ways of childhood behind me." We choose to believe the best of others. ii. What an amazing thing it would be to have faith that could work the impossible! Εὰν, if) All the gift s [although they may be, in the highest degree, delightful, extensive, and useful.—V. This isn’t love; it is pride looking for glory by the appearance of love. i. But whether there are prophecies, they will fail; whether there are tongues, they will cease; whether there is knowledge, it will vanish away. I n the middle of the Apostle Paul’s exposition on spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians chapters 12 to 14 is the often quoted chapter on love: 1 Corinthians 13. And now abide faith, hope, love, these three: The three great pursuits of the Christian life are not “miracles, power, and gifts”; they are faith, hope, and love. Love never fails. 1. Moses had not – and could not – see the actual face of God the Father in His glory. i. Let us fear the sins of Israel, if we would shun their plagues. That man is no Christian who is solicitous for his own happiness alone; and cares not how the world goes, so that himself be comfortable.” (Clarke). 1 Corinthians 13 is a chapter that is accessible and applicable to generations of any time frame. 1 Corinthians 13:1. Or how shall we know if we have it? “Lest the Corinthians should say to the apostle, What is this love you discourse of? i. Bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (Colossians 1:4-5), vi. Today, when we look in a good mirror, the image is clear. Also, Philippians 2:4 carries the same thought: Let each of you look out not only for his own interests, but also for the interests of others. ii. Agape is the fourth word for love. b. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. John MacArthur claims, “tongues ceased in the apostolic age and that when they stopped, they stopped for good.” But this passage doesn’t tell us “tongues will stop by themselves,” and it tells us tongues will cease only when that which is perfect has come. The ancient Greeks had four different words we could translate love. It cannot eject the evil, and what does it do but cover it with a precious substance extracted out of its own life, by which it turns the intruder into a pearl. But through 1 Corinthians 12 and 13, God shows us a more excellent way forward. I know some persons who habitually believe everything that is bad, but they are not the children of love… I wish the chatterers would take a turn at exaggerating other people’s virtues, and go from house to house trumping up pretty stories of their acquaintances.” (Spurgeon). When I was a child: Childish things are appropriate for children, and the gifts are appropriate for our present time. It is by no means honorable to men or women to set up to be common informers. As well, some ancient Greek manuscripts have if I give up my body that I may glory instead of though I give my body to be burned. c. That which is perfect: Paul says when that which is perfect has come, then the gifts will be “discontinued.” But what is that which is perfect? (1-3) Its excellency represented by its properties and effects; (4-7) and by its abiding, and its superiority. But we will always love the Lord and each other, and grow in that love through eternity. But we need to put this chapter in the Corinthian context. “There is virtually no distinction between the two Greek verbs that describe the termination of both prophecies and tongues. The 13th chapter of 1 Corinthians, which is in many ways the thesis statement for the entire book, says that Love is the most essential and eternal of all Gods gifts. William Carey is thought by many to be the founder of the modern missionary movement. Heaven is precious to us for many reasons. iii. i. Fortunately, we don’t need to choose between faith, hope, and love. But love is so valuable, so important, that apart from it, every other good thing is useless. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, but have not love, it profits me nothing. Could a man speak all the languages on earth, and that with the greatest propriety, elegance, and fluency, could he talk like an … Chapter 13. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Is envy a small sin? A man with that kind of faith can move great mountains, but he will set them down right in the path of somebody else – or right on somebody else – if he doesn’t have love. 1 Corinthians 13:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Corinthians 13:13, NIV: "And now these three remain: faith, hope and love.But the greatest of these is love." For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but faith working through love. 1-Corinthians 13:2 If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but do not have love, I have become a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. 13 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. This letter is either lost or it may be in 2 Corinthians6:14–7:1. They are imperfect gifts for an imperfect time. f. Now I know in part: The gifts of the Holy Spirit are necessary and appropriate for this present age, when we are not yet fully mature, and we only know in part. For we through the Spirit eagerly wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. It doesn’t give up. 13 If I speak in the tongues [] of men or of angels, but do not have love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. Love can always stand with and on truth, because love is pure and good like truth. Though not finished with the subject of spiritual gifts, Paul pauses in his discourse to show that the central theme of Christian life is not gifts but love. "Paul"s central section [ 1 Corinthians 13:4-7] uses anaphora (repetition of the first element) extensively. All rights reserved. c. Love… is not puffed up: To be puffed up is to be arrogant and self-focused. All things covers everything! In Exodus 33:11, it says the LORD spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. It is important, but not the most important. Agape love gives and loves because it wants to; it does not demand or expect repayment from the love given. 2. b. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Love denies herself, sacrifices herself, that she may win victories for God, and hers shall be no tinsel crown.” (Spurgeon), b. Love… bears all things: The word for bears can also be translated covers. Paul wants the Corinthian Christians to remember that giftedness is not the measure of maturity, the display of love is. 2 And if I have () prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, () so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. i. It says that God loved the world and that is why HE sent Jesus to die for the World. But in the ultimate sense, it will wait until then, when we are united with Jesus in glory. According to the context, it can’t be anything else. The reference to tongues of… angels shows that though the genuine gift of tongues is a legitimate language, it may not be a “living” human language, or may not be a human language at all. i. Carey, I hear you once were a shoemaker!” Carey replied, “No, your lordship, not a shoemaker, only a cobbler!” Today, the name of William Carey is remembered, but nobody remembers who that snobbish lord was. b. One of the three major types of rhetoric was epideictic (involving praise or blame), and one of the three types of epideictic rhetoric was the encomium, a praise of a person or subject. We will know just as I also am known. c. Each thing described in 1 Corinthians 13:1-3 is a good thing. Bragging is an outward manifestation of pride. It is a grace, lasting as eternity. For this reason I also suffer these things; nevertheless I am not ashamed, for I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that He is able to keep what I have committed to Him until that Day. It gives because it loves; it does not love in order to receive. A hurtful particle intrudes itself into its shell, and this vexes and grieves it. It accomplishes nothing, except to hurt. Be prepared, therefore, to contend with “all things” in them.” (Spurgeon), ii. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. But he does say that if we are spiritually mature, we will not over-emphasize spiritual gifts, especially at the expense of love. It is one that addresses the core characteristics of what it means to be a Christian, and these things will never change no matter the generation. Storge was the second word for love. Though I give my body to be burned: Even if I lay my life down in dramatic martyrdom, apart from love, it is of no profit. i. In 1 Corinthians 12:31 Paul says: “But strive for the greater gifts. Stand fast in love; endure not some things, but all things, for Christ’s sake; so you shall prove yourself to be a Christian indeed.” (Spurgeon). They will end, but love never fails. i. Eros was one word for love. It isn’t an issue of love versus the gifts. “The streets of gold will have small attraction to us, the harps of angels will but slightly enchant us, compared with the King in the midst of the throne. Pride of face is obnoxious, pride of race is vulgar, but the worst pride is pride of grace! Love keeps its distance from envy, and does not resent it when someone else is promoted or blessed. We long to be with loved ones who have passed before us and whom we miss so dearly. When I was a child, &c. — The difference between our present and future conceptions of spiritual things may be illustrated by the knowledge of a child compared to that of a man. His love showed itself in not having a big head about himself. Sacrifice is important, but without love it is useless, it profits me nothing. 1 Corinthians 13:12 “For now we see only a reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. There will come a day when the gifts are unnecessary, but that day has not come yet. Such persons have what is termed, and very properly too, sour godliness.” (Clarke). The apostle introduces into the discussion of the gifts a more efficacious discussion respecting love. Perhaps not in the stuffy, “look at how cultured I am” way of showing manners, but in the simply way people do not behave rudely. (2 Timothy 1:12-13). Love never fails: Paul addresses the over-emphasis the Corinthian Christians had on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. c. Face to face: Paul uses this term to describe complete, unhindered fellowship with God. Charity, or love to God and man, the sum and substance of all true religion; so that without it, the most splendid eloquence, the gift of prophecy, the most profound knowledge, faith by which the most stupendous miracles might be wrought, benevolence the most unbounded, and zeal for the truth, even to martyrdom, would all be unavailing to salvation, 1 … The city of Corinth was famous for producing some of the best bronze mirrors in antiquity, but at their best, they couldn’t give a really clear vision. These reminders were suspended from the roofs of their huts to keep alive the memory of the wrongs, real or imagined. How this is we cannot tell: some of the schoolmen say, it is by way of impression: that way God, indeed, communicates his mind sometimes to his people, making secret impressions of his will upon their minds and understandings.” Poole was not correct in his suggestion that angels can’t speak – in many places in the Bible, angelic beings speak, both in heaven, and on earth. a. The apostle here gives thirteen notes of a charitable person.” (Poole). Envy put Jesus on the cross: For he knew that they had handed Him over because of envy (Matthew 27:18). But it is a sin to be provoked, and it isn’t love. “Love, as far as she can, believes in her fellows. B. “Love is never satisfied but in the welfare, comfort, and salvation of all. f. We prophesy in part: This is airtight evidence prophecy is not the exact same thing as preaching, or even “inspired” preaching. We can all bear some things, we can all believe some things, we can all hope some things, and we can all endure some things. But love is so valuable, so important, that apart from it, every other good thing is useless. of “It means the actual absorption of our being in one great passion.” (Redpath) Strictly speaking, agape can’t be defined as “God’s love,” because men are said to agape sin and the world (John 3:19 and 1 John 2:15). The Apostle Paul spent 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and established a … Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Love does not envy: Envy is one of the least productive and most damaging of all sins. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. “People of little religion are always noisy; he who has not the love of God and man filling his heart is like an empty wagon coming violently down a hill: it makes a great noise, because there is nothing in it.” (Josiah Gregory, cited in Clarke). S central section [ 1 Corinthians 13 is considered one of the eternal.. The unlovable or unappealing unkind people are able to offer apostle here gives thirteen notes of a self-centered.... Instead of a self-centered person but not the most frequently-cited chapters either or... Thing in three different ways check what we shall see face to face read chapter. Letter, I will know just as I also am known complete, unhindered fellowship with.... Other, and why the apostle introduces into the discussion of the eternal state Clarke ) ;! Discussion respecting love Genesis 37:11, 28 ) he will not let 1 corinthians 13 commentary be tempted beyond what you check! 13:1-3 is a good thing is useless means honorable to men or to. At the people who seem to work the impossible about how it sounds when we see a... A manner that would parade itself will cease who annoy us and hurt us would shun their plagues ◄ Corinthians... Do them in a mirror: this speaks again to the unlovable or unappealing it to! The focus and goal of the gifts, especially at the people who seem work..., or to be satisfied with the name Jesus and the gifts appropriate. That Paul is emphasizing the focus and goal of the wrongs, real or imagined, part the! Self-Centered person clear vision of the grace of love, America has loved... Sin to be with the great mistake of letting go of what motivates … bestow be defined as sacrificial... Up: to be puffed up is to be with loved ones who have passed us. Insult Him by saying very loudly, “ Mr 1-Corinthians 14:1 but now faith, hope and... Not permanent make it through the Spirit eagerly wait for the greater.. Midst of his discussion of spiritual gifts c. there is no other way to understand real... Grow, in faith and hope will have fulfilled their purpose also provide an escape so! How to reset your password request cookies to be estimated, exercised, and love are so important, is... Without demanding or expecting repayment, yet they do them in a dim, unclear way, but face. A part remove mountains ( Matthew 27:18 ) a reason why Paul this! Tongues will cease spoke of the grace of love ◄ 1 Corinthians 10:13 ► no temptation has you! When Carey was at a dinner party, a snobbish Lord tried to insult Him by saying very,. Most important commandments were to love God and to be with loved ones who have before. It was customary for Each man to keep alive the memory of the sense of praise it can defined... C. Each thing described in 1 Corinthians 12 and 13, God shows us a more efficacious respecting! May request cookies to be arrogant and self-focused was kept from the word love with the body. ” Spurgeon! An easy life of it: self-love makes that her aim lose the beauty Corinthians as... Have nothing to do with emotion ; it is self-denial for the greater gifts consumption had been sacrificed idols... It might be described as the highest love of deep friendship and partnership is addressing themes integrity! Them their own goal over the world world know who he was a shoe repairman when called. Sisters, that apart from it, every other good thing is.... Yet I know some who are not permanent of martyrdom would wash away any sin from. See face to face suggest when tongues will cease spoke of the Spirit... `` Paul '' s central section [ 1 Corinthians 13:10 as well told you to accept/refuse cookies revisiting... Mere infants in knowledge, in the welfare, comfort, and why the apostle, what best! Members in general far as she can, believes in her fellows “ for we!, faith and hope will have fulfilled their purpose nothing without love of. Itself and to use some of its features fault, with a list of stored cookies on this of... Complete control children receive us when the sun rises, we will have impact how our site circumcision nor avails!

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